Alcohol and Drugs Counselling
From Guildford, Godalming and Horsham with Paul Byford
BSc (Hons) MBACP (accred) FDAP member

About Addiction
About Addiction. ChangesModel

About Addiction


Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these circuits leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations.

This is reflected in an
individual pathologically pursuing reward and/or
relief by substance use and other behaviours.
Addiction is characterised by inability to
consistently abstain, impairment in behavioural
control, craving, diminished recognition of
significant problems with one’s behaviours and
interpersonal relationships, and a dysfunctional
emotional response. Like other chronic diseases,
addiction often involves cycles of relapse and
remission. Without treatment or engagement in
recovery activities, addiction is progressive and
can result in disability or premature death.
Taken from

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